ARCHITECTURE: Design Oceania. [Sample 1/4]

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TO START A NEW COUNTRY....

If you have given us your e-mail address after answering one of our
ads, we have added you to our e-mail mailing list as well as to our
snail mail mailing list. If you have not given us your snail mail
address, please send it to us if you wish to receive our brochures.

The Atlantis Project has gone into full gear. We are planning on
unveiling a model of Oceania at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas! Dates
will be set soon! Hope to see you there!


In February, 1993, Atlantis Project Founder Eric Klien came up with
the brilliant concept of starting a new country which included
extensive plans for its successful creation. As the various forms of
collectivism engulf each part of the world, most pronouncedly
America, the inherent demand for an escape hatch seemed obvious.
Thus, it was not to be "just another country".

As the slogan of Oceania suggests, we're out to "Break the Chains"
that bind us. A complete Constitution and system of Laws were created
early on. This way anyone involved may know about what they are
investing their time and money. Since this is the first time in
modern history a new country will be formed where there was none
before, future Oceanians have the distinct opportunity of creating a
governmental structure from the start rather than being required to
revolt and overthrow a previously entrenched regime. The formation of
Oceania is truly a peaceful way towards an ideal. Today, every
society is hopelessly entangled in bureaucracy, corruption and/or
outright slavery, forever muddled in the free-lunch philosophy. The
founders of Oceania have set a course for freedom.

Appropriately named Oceania, our new country will be a floating
sea-city. We plan to build it about fifty miles off the coast of
Panama in the Caribbean Sea. Hired architect, Sten Sjostrand, has
designed this revolutionary new idea for habitation so it may grow
almost infinitely. Our structure will consist of hexagonal, modular
units (each about 1.60 acres). Although we believe the initial layout
will be a horseshoe shaped harbor, the form of Oceania will
continually evolve. Its development should be as unique as those who
become involved in its various enterprises.

At the outset, Oceania's amenities will include space for light
industry, small parks, day-care centers, theaters, schools,
libraries, resorts, shopping malls, sports facilities and ports for
STOL airplanes, helicopters, and ships. The government of Oceania
will be restricted in scope, allowing you to exercise your right to
attain and keep honestly acquired wealth, and to use it as only you
see fit. Genuine free-enterprise (as envisioned by Adam Smith, Ludwig
von Mises, F. A. Hayek and Ayn Rand) will be practiced. Thus, what
the market will provide is limited only by the imagination.


CAPITALIST PARADISE

Come live in Oceania...or just visit. Either way, there will be no
better place on earth to do business. By its very nature, a land
which, by law, keeps the non-productive and their government agents
off the backs of the industrious capitalists, and more important,
keeps the established firms from legislating its competition out of
business, will have a thriving economy. The Law of Oceania has its
basis in the separation of economy and state.

The rest of the world dwells in statist dominance over its productive
class. Ranging from the most vicious socialist wealth-redistribution
schemes to the over-regulated, protectionist fascist economies, we
are offered strangulation and enslavement at every turn. In Oceania
the sharks and barnacles will be in the sea, not on your property!

Upon habitation, a stock market, banking, import/export,
manufacturing -- the whole spectrum of completely free, private
enterprise -- will commence. Doing business is a right in Oceania; no
government licensure will be tolerated. Earning and keeping your
wealth is a right in Oceania; taxation is outlawed.

Take a minute to imagine what it would be like running your business
(including raising capital) or making investments without the
obnoxious interference of government bureaucrats and tax
extortionists. Your lawyer will be hired to help you with contracts,
not to keep you out of jail for breaking a "law". Your accountant can
help you attain a better bottom line... not jump through government
tax hoops.

In Oceania, we celebrate unabashed free-market capitalism. If you own
a business, prepare to thrive in the competition. If you seek
employment, revel in the idea of industries bidding for your services
with ever higher wages and benefits. If you are a speculative
investor, get ready to watch the wonder of the unchained human spirit
unfold at your feet as inventors, artists, researchers, scientists --
unlimited creative thinkers -- vie for your support.

Imagine the glorious feast of opportunity....


THE PHASES OF BUILDING OCEANIA

PHASE ONE: CONSTITUTION AND LAW

Complete the constitution and laws of Oceania. This phase is complete
and these documents are currently available ($15 for a copy of the
constitution and $29 for a copy of the laws. Contact The Atlantis
Project.)

PHASE TWO: MARKETING

Advertise and gain support for the project. This phase is 50%
complete. A two page ad in the June 1993 issue of Reason magazine
began this phase and additional advertising has followed and more is
planned. We are confident that these marketing efforts will raise
enough donations to pay for Phases Two and Three.

PHASE THREE: ARCHITECTURE

Design Oceania. Initial models will cost $70,000. The final part of
the third phase is when the blueprints are completed, which will cost
approximately 1% of the construction costs. This phase is 50%
complete with an agreement between The Atlantis Project and our hired
architectural and engineering firm.

PHASE FOUR: CONSTRUCTION

Begin construction of Oceania. Once Phases One through Three are
completed, private investors and companies will be approached for
working capital. Then we begin the marketing and selling of "land" to
real estate development companies. This phase is 0% complete due to
burdensome "blue sky" laws involving investments.


A HAVEN FOR FREE THOUGHT

Are you ready to begin living like an adult? Are you ready to take
responsibility for your own moral choices? Are you ready to leave
others to their own vices and habits? Are you ready to live in a
nation where the government will not be your nanny? Or your
neighbor's?

Oceanians will be expected to make their own lifestyle choices.
Government will be prohibited from "sin-taxing", "warning", "zoning"
and censoring what you listen to, watch, read or write! Oceanians are
expected to be tolerant of others doing things they disapprove of.
This is not so hard once they realize they need not tolerate any
unwanted associations of any kind. Any regulations will be done
privately; private property enables us to maintain privacy.

Your religion is yours to follow...or not. No majority-rule
"community standards" will dictate laws over the individual or a
congregation; you may pray as you see fit in your own house of
worship; you may exclude the antagonizer.

In Oceania, "Big Brother" will not even be a little cousin!


A NEW LAND OF JUSTICE

America began with the intent of seeing that criminals who violated
the rights to property and privacy were dealt with swiftly and
punished accordingly. A fair trial was promised for the accused.
Something happened along the way: The laws became more complicated
and intrusive because lawyers and legislators were able to tamper
with your sanctity. Things will be different in Oceania. For a crime
to be so in our new country, there must be a victim. For a
conviction, jurors who understand their proper rights and duties will
be in charge.


THE ATLANTIS PROJECT FOUNDER

Mr. Eric Klien, 28, now retired as a successful investor, took to
developing his idea of a sovereign, free country soon after his
initial dabbling in real world politics.

Eric became interested in the ideals of liberty at the amazingly
early age of six! At that point he was reading quite extensively and
actually discussing politics with adults. He describes his position
by stating, "That was the age I became 'self-aware' and on a
simplistic level, I understood the propriety of being a sovereign."
His actual involvement in politics was limited to casting a vote for
George Bush in 1988. This had a monumental effect on him since he has
forever felt a victim to the "no new taxes" lie, and swore never
again to align with a "compromise" politician or their Party.

Mr. Klien worked as a computer programmer in Massachusetts until
December 31, 1991. He quit his job because the special investment
taxes of that state were so oppressive, it would cost him money to
work. That same day he moved to Nevada where he thought things would
be better.

Eric immediately involved himself in politics by assisting Tamara
Clark with her organization, Nevadans for Lower Taxes. They were
trying to get a referendum on the ballot to rid the state of an
unconstitutional business tax. The government decided that the
Department of Motor Vehicles was no longer to be a place for NLT to
gather signatures and denied her access. Add the roadblock set up by
the Election Department who invalidated thousands of legal signatures
at the last minute, and the voters were denied a chance to vote this
unconstitutional tax out of existence.

Next, Mr. Klien supported Tamara Clark's bid for State Senate. After
doing enough campaign work to secure victory, (three separate polls,
including an exit poll, showed her winning approximately sixty
percent of the vote), she mysteriously lost 55-45. Suspicion led Eric
to fund a thorough investigation through which he uncovered massive
election fraud. All efforts locally, statewide and federally to
uncover and publicize the findings were snuffed. The final straw was
drawn when a member of the State Senate, upon being presented with
five large boxes of material, said, "I'm too tired to review the
evidence."

Viewing that a peaceful change of direction in America is virtually
impossible, Eric next considered moving to, or perhaps purchasing
land from another country. This idea did not work out and by
February, 1993, he landed upon the idea of a floating sea-city and
The Atlantis Project was born.


STAFF LEADERS

Mr. Zach McDonald first heard about the Atlantis project from the
October 1993 issue of Reason magazine. It immediately caught his
attention for several reasons.

He studied Austrian economics for three years, so the mention of
building a society based on the ideas of Ludwig von Mises and F.A.
Hayek was of great interest to him. The brilliant ideas of these two
great economic thinkers are so rare in today's academic and political
climate that groups mentioning their names are cleanly separated from
the current mainstream economic garbage. He was already sold on
wanting to work for the Atlantis Project, since the ideas of Zach's
intellectual heroes are the economic basis of Oceania.

Second, the concept of building a civilization on the sea is also of
great interest to him. The sea is a great environment for man to
explore. In addition, there are the challenges of adapting his
physiology and equipment to the sea.

Ayn Rand said that as long as people have the ability to think
freely, freedom will eventually prevail. Zach proclaimed
confidently, "The Atlantis Project is a critical link in assuring
that freedom is alive and well."


Mr. Carl Martinez, future pilot for Oceania's first airline, first
got involved with the project after hearing Eric's interview on
"Coast to Coast Live" with Art Bell. Carl, 31, was born in Colorado
and grew up in Wyoming where he attended the University of Wyoming
and also attended Colorado University in Boulder until 1987. Then he
decided to spend all of his tuition money on flying lessons that he
now hopes will pay off by starting the country's first airline. As
for having regrets about not finishing college, he sarcastically says
that the only thing he learned was "that there is no real problem in
the world that can't be solved by getting enough people to hunger
strike for their cause."

Carl's political views are mainly influenced by Libertarian politics
as well as some views held by the Patriot movement, but he sees both
as sources of information rather than groups of action.

His sense of urgency comes from a great concern over government
intrusion into people's private lives.


ANSWERS TO COMMON QUESTIONS:

1. What will be the major industries in Oceania?

The marketplace will determine the major industries in Oceania. We
guess that originally the major industries will be private banking,
tourism, and fishing. Medical research would also move to Oceania,
especially recombinant biotechnology. Finally, life extension
technology can be pursued!

2. What will be the cost and size of Oceania?

The initial size that is planned for this project will be built to
house approximately 10,000 to 30,000 people and the businesses and
industry to support this population. Of course, with the innovative
architecture and design, the sea city will have the ability to expand
in order to accomodate its growing population.

We are roughly looking at one billion dollars to start construction.
This will build approximately 80 hexagons and some additional
property development. Most of actual construction should come from
business or other land development companies.

3. What is the status of the model?

Tenatively, the model will be done by late March. As in most
endeavors, there may be unforeseen setbacks to delay its completion
by this date. We are in constant contact with the architect and are
confident that any holdups will be minor in nature.

When we have the model, at that time we will be able to schedule the
convention.

4. Why not buy an island?

When the founder first considered this project, his first idea was to
purchase an island. The more he investigated, the more he realized
that for the purposes of sovereignty, none were available for
purchase. There were islands for sale, but they were still under the
umbrella of another government.

He also considered ninety-nine year land leases, but ultimately the
land would still not be its own entity with all the privileges of
being a sovereign country.

5. Is drug use legal in Oceania?

Since those who are interested in having residence in Oceania will
adhere to the philosophy of "My body, my business", drug use of any
kind (even vitamins) will be left up to the individual.

This does pose a problem when certain drugs leave Oceania soil in
regard to relationships with other countries. It has been written
within the laws of Oceania that drug exportation would compromise
national safety if the country of Oceania were used as a vehicle to
traffic mind-altering drugs to countries which deemed them illegal.
Those who would inhabit Oceania do not advocate one to use Oceania to
violate another country's laws. This would very likely incite an
attack against this peaceful nation.

6. Where will Oceania be located?

The site that has been chosen for Oceania is approximately fifty
miles northeast off the coast of Panama.

The reason for this location is:
a. There has never been a hurricane in this area of the
Caribbean in recorded history.
b. The temperature is always moderate so those who live there will
have pleasant living conditions. This will also encourage tourism.
c. The water is only 100 feet deep, so it wouldn't be difficult
to build up the sea floor if neccasary.
d. This area is also near major trade routes.

7. Can people be extradited from Oceania?

For people who have been accused of crimes in other countries, if it
is also a crime in Oceania, then the accused can be tried in Oceania
under Oceania law. It will be up to the jury to decide the
punishment if the accused is found guilty. The jury might decide on
restitution, jail time in Oceania, or exile.

One note of interest is that the country accusing the defendant will
be the actual prosecutor. In cases where the accused is found
innocent, the country of origin will be liable for all court costs.

8. Can I visit your headquarters?

If you would like to come visit our headquarters in Las Vegas, please
contact us first, so arrangements can be made. We would be more than
happy to answer any questions you have about The Atlantis Project.

9. Aren't you worried about hurricanes?

50 miles east of Panama is the calmer side of the Caribbean Sea. In
addition, the flexible and sturdy design of Oceania will allow it to
survive hurricanes just as Sten Sjostrand's Saigon Hotel survived a
hurricane undamaged. Sten Sjostrand is the architect designing
Oceania for The Atlantis Project.

10. How can I contact Mike Oliver, founder of the short lived country
Minerva?

Contact him at:

Mike Oliver
PO Box 485
Carson City, NV 89702
Tel: (702) 883-0903
Fax: (702) 883-6408

11. How will construction of Oceania be financed?

The construction of Oceania will be financed through selling off
the platforms of Oceania to private investors. A single company
will be established to sell off these platforms, then the company
will be dissolved once all the initial land has been sold.

The eventual dissolution of this company is important to stop any
conflicts of interest that may develop.


HOW YOU CAN HELP

The best thing that you can do to help out is spread the word about
Oceania. Primarily, we would like people to contact the media.
Then, please tell all your friends and acquaintances about Oceania.

In addition, we are overwhelmed at The Atlantis Project headquarters.
If you would like to help out at our headquarters and have
typesetting, printing, sales abilities, or MSDOS mainstream
knowledge: give us a call at (702) 897-4176, Monday - Friday, 9am -
5pm or e-mail us.

Another way you can help is: 1) review the constitution 2) review
the laws 3) get others who are interested to contact me 4) give us
your home address for any snail mail mailings 5) make donations to
The Atlantis Project, 4132 S. Rainbow Blvd #388, Las Vegas, NV 89103.
Donations will be used to pay for architect costs. These special
donations will help make Oceania real.

Note that "no" financial compensation will be given to anyone for
suggestions on how to improve our constitution or laws. But Eric may
decide to name a street after you in the housing development he will
be building on OCEANIA.


ORDERING INFO

If you are interested in ordering stuff before you have even seen our
snail mail brochure, here is the ordering info: Bumper stickers are
$3; 4" x 6" flags are $5; 12" x 18" flags are $10; Pilkington Sea
City Reports are $10; one year subscriptions to Chain Breaker are
$10; Constitutions are $15; T-shirts are $15 and are available in
XS/S/M/L/XL/XXL; Cassette sets of the Art Bell interview are $15;
Laws are available for $29; 2' x 3' flags are $30; 3' x 5' flags are
$100; and 5' x 8' flags are $250. The two smallest flags come with
staffs, the larger ones are finished w/header and grommets. No sales
tax or postage and handling are charged. Unless you live overseas, in
which case I charge you 10% postage. Send your check or money order
to The Atlantis Project, 4132 South Rainbow Blvd. #388, Las Vegas, NV
89103.

We have four bulk specials available: 5 bumper stickers for $10, 5
T-shirts for $50, 20 T-shirts for $140, and 10 4" x 6" flags for $30.


Following is the latest Constitution and Laws:

THE CONSTITUTION OF OCEANIA
Draft 0.83
by Eric Klien and Mike Oliver
Copyright 1993, 1994. All rights reserved.

Special thanks to Lee Crocker and Chuck Geshlider for all their
suggestions.

For more information about the new country Oceania, contact The
Atlantis Project, 4132 So. Rainbow Blvd. #388, Las Vegas, NV 89103.
(702) 897-8320.

The latest versions of the constitution and laws are available
electronically via ftp from ftp.ece.uc.edu in pub/biblio/oceania.


WE, THE FOUNDERS of Oceania, do not believe in the initiation of force or
fraud by the government or others. Like the peaceful dolphin, we believe
such actions should only be used in defense. We disagree with governments
that imitate the shark, using force and fraud to extract wealth and labor
from their citizens.

Oceania is founded on the principle that the only true and proper function
of government is to protect its citizens from force and fraud. This
government is to be strictly limited to providing that protection.

This constitution is the result of the collaboration of many who have seen
the deterioration or destruction of societies based on other constitutions.
The U.S. constitution in particular, while an inspired document, has shown
itself to be vague enough to allow its government to pass laws clearly at
odds with the spirit of liberty in which that once-free nation was founded.
It is for this reason that the document here is painfully specific about
exactly what powers belong to whom. All of the powers listed here are
usurped by present governments somewhere on Earth.

Even at this level of detail, it is impossible for any document to fully
account for all conditions that may arise in future. The natural progress
of all governments is to gain more power as time progresses. It Must be
made clear that under no circumstance is the government created under this
constitution ever to assume any power or authority not explicitly granted
here. We hope that whenever crises arrive in the future, the people of
Oceania will have as much imagination in finding peaceful solutions as
historical governments have had in finding despotic ones.

There has been considerable debate over all issues here, in particular the
perceived need for a tax-funded defense force. We believe that we have
found solutions to these issues consistent with the spirit of freedom.
Oceania will set an example we hope the rest of the world will follow.


Definitions


Words capitalized throughout this constitution are to be interpreted
exactly as defined here. The remaining text of this document should be
interpreted strictly and exactly as written in common English language
usage at the time of its adoption. Conflicts may be resolved by Webster's
Third International Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language.

To make it clear that we include all persons who love liberty, regardless
of sex, race, or beliefs, the pronouns in this document are gender-neutral
ones formed by removing the initial th from the plural pronouns. That is,
ey means he/she, eir means his/her, em means him/her, and similarly for
eirs and emself. It is recommended that ey be pronounced to rhyme with
he/she.

Shall , Must and Will indicate legal compulsion. Should indicates
suggestion. May indicates permission. Including always means "including but
not necessarily limited to". Recommendations do not have the force of law.

Commentary on certain parts of the constitution will appear in
boxes like this. These notes help to clarify the intent of the
authors or the reasoning behind some of the decisions made here.
These commentaries bear the full force of law.

Oceania is the name of our peaceful country.

A Person is any born human being of either sex, and of any race, origin, or
beliefs who is currently on territory in Oceania or was on such territory
until abducted in violation of Oceanian law. Other beings may be granted
the status of Person by law as necessary. The point of birth is defined as
that point at which the organism becomes detached from its mother's
biological systems and can function independently of that system.

An Entity is any corporation, club, foundation, charity, or other type of
organization, formed for any purpose, that is operating in Oceania.
Business is a synonym for Entity.

An Oceanian is a Person or Entity other than the Government.

A Right is a freedom guaranteed to every Oceanian. These include Life,
Liberty, Property, and Privacy. Rights extend not only to Persons, but also
to Entities. All rights of Entities are derived from personal rights,
therefore Entities can have no rights that Persons do not also have.

Rights are absolute and may not be restricted or regulated by
taxes or licensing. A Right DOES NOT imply an obligation on
anyone else's part to provide the means to exercise that Right.

An Oceanian may voluntarily waive some of eir Rights by Contract.
The Government of Oceania waives all Rights except those
explicitly granted to it in this Constitution.

An Entitlement is a positive obligation on one Oceanian to provide
something for another, or a Right that interferes with someone else's
Rights.

Prisoners are prevented from exercising some of their Rights,
such as the Right to Travel, while they are imprisoned or exiled.
Because this restricts the prisoner's ability to provide for
emself, ey is Entitled to food, shelter, and basic medical care.
When a prisoner is released, ALL of eir Rights are restored
intact and eir Entitlements are removed. This includes the Rights
to travel, vote, speak, own Weaponry, assemble, etc.

Children have some limitations on their Rights such as the Right
to Self-Defense, and have some additional Entitlements, such as
food, shelter, medical care, and education.

A Privilege is an action that can only be done with a License from the
Government.

A License is the granting of a Privilege by the Government to an Oceanian.
Oceanians do NOT need Licenses for anything that is a Right. A Permit is a
synonym for this word.

Life is the biological state of animation. Persons who are unconscious, in
cryonic suspension, or otherwise supported by technology are still
considered alive and have all the Rights of conscious Persons.

As technology advances, it is expected that precise definitions
of Life and Death will be set by law.

Liberty is a condition that exists when Persons have control over their
individual lives and Property and where all Rights are protected. Liberty
also applies to Entities.

Property is the material and intellectual belongings of an Oceanian.
Material belongings include Land, Contracts, and personal effects.
Intellectual belongings include patents and copyrights.

Privacy is the expectation of a Person not to be subject to public scrutiny
of eir personal affairs.

Weapons are technological devices used for defense. These include, but are
not limited to, firearms, artillery, booby traps, mines, mace, tear gas,
and any such devices that may be invented in the future.

A Child is a born human of age less than sixteen years old. Children are a
special case in many laws that otherwise apply to all Persons. This age was
chosen by studying the traditions of ancient cultures.

A Teen is a human at least sixteen years of age, and younger than eighteen.

An Adult is a human eighteen years of age or older. A Person may be
declared a Child, Teen, or Adult by a Court.

A Parent is a Teen or Adult who has assumed responsibility for the care of
a Child. This may or may not be the Child's biological Parents. A Child
does not have the Right to be classified as a Parent.

A Spouse is one of two or more Oceanians who have signed a Marriage
Contract with each other.

The Nearest Relative of an Oceanian may be defined by law.

A Contract is a binding agreement to which there is evidence of between two
or more Oceanians, written or oral.

An Implied Contract is a Contract inferred by a Person's words or actions.
For example, claims in advertisements and labeling are considered an
Implied Contract between the seller and the customer.

Force is a physical act by one or more Oceanians that is destructive to the
Rights of others. The threat to execute such an act also constitutes Force.

Fraud is the intentional deceit of another Oceanian to induce em to part
with Property or to surrender a Right. This includes the willful use of
another's name or trademark to do business.

The Free Market is a voluntary exchange between two or more parties of
goods and services.

A Voter is a Person allowed to vote in Oceania.

A Permanent Oceanian is a Person who has lived a total of twelve months in
Oceania, or an Oceanian under the age of twelve months.

The Government (under this Constitution) is a restricted Entity that
protects Oceanians against external and internal Force and Fraud. Unlike
other Entities, the Government has had most of its Rights restricted by
laws and regulations.

Treason is defined as the act of an Oceanian waging war upon the territory
and people of Oceania or giving military aid to its declared enemies.
Giving food, medical care, or other humanitarian aid to anyone cannot be
Treason (but could be physically hazardous during warfare). Election Fraud
and defrauding of the people by Government agencies are also defined as
Treason. Violating any of the restrictions of Article Four, National
Security, is also declared to be Treason.

The Constitution is this document. It enumerates the Government's powers,
and places limits upon those powers. It defines the structure of the
Government, and defines the Rights of people it serves.

Land is an area composed of dirt, concrete, steel, or other substances that
people are able to live on for extended periods of time.

Land Owner is a Person who owns at least one square meter of land.

A Housing Development is a voluntary private association of Land Owners and
residents formed for the purpose of maintaining the infrastructure of a
parcel of Land. A Housing Development may not contain more than 5,000
Persons, and can contain as few as one.

The reason the size of a Housing Development is limited by law is
that they are allowed to take on many of the traditional
functions of Government . Of course, a Housing Development is not
bound by the restrictions that Government agencies normally must
follow such as not discriminating against others. See Article
Seven, Housing Developments, for more details.

A Locality is a Government level that does not encompass more than 100
square kilometers.

A County is a Government level that does not encompass more than 10,000
square kilometers.

A City is a grouping of population with a geographical border. A City MAY
NOT possess a Governmental structure. It may have one mayor to act as its
ambassador for ceremonial purposes.

A Court is a forum in which Oceanians resolve conflicts, establish
liability for wrongdoing, and assign penalties for such liability.


ARTICLE ONE
A Partial Listing of Rights


This article requires a 95% vote to remove a Right or add an Entitlement,
and a 66% vote to add a Right or remove an Entitlement.

Powers not specifically delegated to the Government are reserved to
Oceanians. The enumeration of certain Rights in this Constitution shall not
be construed to deny or disparage others retained by Oceanians. No other
power is granted to the Government, and no powers unspecified, either
herein, or later amended, are considered de facto powers of the Government.
This article shall be binding on all subordinate organized Government
agencies within territories in Oceania.

No Entitlements not listed here are implicitly granted to the people. In
particular, no persons (except Children) have an entitlement to receive
food, housing, health care, education, or clothing.

1.Life

A.The Right to Life: A Person has the Right not to be killed or harmed by
others. While a Person is in a coma or is otherwise unconscious, all of
eir money will be used to keep em alive unless ey has signed explicit
instructions to the contrary. When the money runs out, the hospital in
charge of the patient has the Right to turn off the life support. The
patient's family or any other Person or Entity may provide additional
money for life support.

The Court of Oceania may not repress this Right except to stop someone
from escaping arrest.

B.The Right to Self-Defense: An Oceanian may injure or kill in defense of
emself or eir Property. This includes the Right to defend other Persons
or their Property. This includes the Right to defend yourself against
the Government if it becomes corrupt and stops honoring this
Constitutition.

An Oceanian (except a Child) has the Right to keep and bear Weaponry,
concealed and non-concealed. This Right extends to all Weaponry with the
exception of Weapons of mass destruction as detailed in Article Four,
National Security. Supplies for Weaponry, such as bullets, are included
in this Right. Of course, minor weapons such as shiriken, water pistols
(realistic and not), knives (long and short), brass knuckles, swords,
and nunchaku are included in this right. A society that has banned such
minor weapons is a society very close to banning all means of defense
from innocent people living within it.

If a child uses a weapon in self-defense, it is recommended that
the jury acquit em for the use of the weapon.

This includes the Right to set booby traps on eir Property. Of
course such Property Must include warnings, if the booby trap can
cause physical harm, that the Property is booby trapped and
therefore trespassing could be dangerous. A Property that is hard
to casually stroll onto, such as one surrounded with barbed wire
or an electrified fence may not need such a warning at jury
discretion.

The Right to Life implies the Right to protect and defend that
Life with whatever means are necessary. The Government may not
grant or take away Licenses for the Right to own or use Weaponry.

Owners of private Property may refuse to allow weapons on their
Property. Renters Must follow the Weaponry rules set within the
parameters given by the Owners. This includes renters, such as
the Government renting a courtroom.

C.The Right to Self-Sovereignty: A Person has the Right to determine what
ey wishes to put into eir body or wear on eir body; how to use, decorate
or modify eir body; and when ey will die. This includes the Right to
control the medical care ey receives. The Government may not under any
circumstances require a Person to modify eir body by sterilization,
tattooing, piercing, or any other method. The Government may not require
a Person to take drugs against eir will or wear uniforms or other
clothing.

This Right continues after death. A Person has the Right to specify in
eir will what can and cannot be done with eir body. The Government may
not perform autopsies without the prior consent of the deceased, even
for criminal investigations. In the absence of an explicit will, no
family or other Entity can grant such permission.

Persons have the Right to ingest any food or drugs they wish. The
Government may not grant or take away Licenses for the Right of
Persons to ingest food or drugs. The Government may not require
physicians to hold a License to dispense drugs, dietary
supplements., or any substance or device deemed by the physician
to be of potential benefit for the patient.

Persons have the Right to determine whether or not they wish to
wear seat belts, helmets, or other safety devices. Owners of
private roads may require that such devices be used on their
roads. Medical insurance companies may make the use of such
devices a requirement of coverage.

Property owners may develop their own clothing standards. Those
who are offended by certain styles of dress (such as nudity) on
public or neighboring Land Must use private means such as deed
restrictions, covenants, or physical barriers to protect
themselves from such freedoms.

Persons have the Right to end their own lives and to request help
when they do so. Prisoners also have this Right. A Person who
undergoes cryonic suspension while legally alive is not
considered to have ended eir Life, and therefore continues to
hold eir Right to Life.

Adults have the Right to engage in any form of sexual activity
with any Adult who consents with the exception of incest when one
or more of the parties involved is under the age of 21. Payment
may be made by one or more of the parties engaging in sex. All
Persons have the Right to seek personal use of all birth control
methods. Of course, the Government may not fund any birth control
methods, including abortion.

Oceanians have the Right to engage in dangerous activities
including, but not limited to, boxing, bungee jumping, dueling,
skydiving, and using fireworks. They do not have the Right to
injure others when doing these activities unless the Person
injured has signed an explicit Contract allowing it, as in boxing
or dueling. Anyone who entices another into performing a
dangerous act by misrepresenting it as safe has committed Fraud
and is responsible for any damages caused. Children may be
forbidden by their Parents from these activities, as well as
activities considered harmful to Children such as using drugs,
playing video games or using spray paint,, but not by any
Government agency or law.

D.The Right to Free Speech: An Oceanian has the Right to speak or publish
without interference from the Government. This Right is granted to all
media including television, radio, cable, paper and electronic media and
is extended to all advertisements and entertainment as well as editorial
speech. There are no exceptions for obscenity, sedition, or other
controversial speech. A speaker who directly incites illegal activity or
causes damage to Property or persons may be held responsible as an
accessory to such activity.

An example of this would be yelling fire in a theater and
inciting a riot. Consequently, you could be prosecuted for
causing injury to people who try to hurriedly escape because of
your false statement or any property they damage in their attempt
to escape.

This Right does not allow a broadcaster to broadcast a signal that
interferes with an Oceanian who owns a frequency band. Frequency bands
are considered Property. Such bands are given away in a lottery at the
time Oceania is formed according to Oceania law. All Land Owners will be
able to participate in this lottery.

The Government may not grant or take away Licenses for the Right
to broadcast or otherwise distribute information. Nor may the
Government compel a broadcaster or other medium to distribute
particular information including issues of "public importance" or
require that the broadcaster offer a reasonable opportunity for
the presentation of contrasting viewpoints.

The Right to Free Speech includes the Right not to speak. The
Government may not require the press to reveal its sources under
any conditions, even in times of war or Treason, nor may anyone
be compelled to testify in Court or reveal any information ey
wishes to keep secret.

Oceanians may voluntarily waive their Right to Free Speech by
Contract. For example, the Court of Oceania requires its
subscribers to allow themselves to be subpoenaed as witnesses.
Employers may require non-disclosure agreements as a condition of
employment.

Actions of Fraud in the media such as libel may be prosecuted in
Court by Oceanians. Slander and libel consist only of knowingly
publishing falsehoods as fact with intent to harm. True
statements and statements presented as opinion or satire are
immune from prosecution. And if Oceanians don't want to watch
pornography or the KKK channel, they can just turn the dial.

E.The Right to Work: A Person and a Business have the Right to agree to a
Contract of employment. A Business may not be Forced to agree to a union
Contract, unless stipulated by former Contract. A Person may not be
Forced to join a union, unless that Person has a prior Contract
voluntarily waiving this Right.

The Right to Life implies the Right to the ordinary means of
sustaining Life, i.e., work. The Government cannot require
Licenses to work. This means that even doctors, lawyers, and
computer programmers do not need Licenses. Of course, private
Entities can License doctors, lawyers, and other professionals.
We believe that private Entities would do a better job than
Government agencies. Oceanians have the Right to use unlicensed
professionals as they see fit.

F.The Right to Religion: An Oceanian has the Right to practice or not
practice any religion that ey chooses.

Particularly abhorred is the war on religion practiced by most
countries on Earth. The Government of Oceania will never storm a
church with tanks and grenades because it is unpopular. The
Government of Oceania may not fund art, media, education, or any
other means of promoting any particular religion; nor may it
interfere with the Right of any broadcaster to provide religious
programming or the Right of Parents and schools to provide
religious education. Of course, the Government may not mint money
that says "In God we trust" or require oaths to God.

No additional Rights, Entitlements, or Privileges are to be
granted based upon freedom of religion. If a religion requires
that you rob banks, robbing banks will still be a prosecutable
offense for members of that religion. Freedom of religion does
not confer the freedom to violate the Rights of others.

2. Liberty

A.The Right to Liberty: An Oceanian has the Right to determine for emself
how and where ey will live, work, and play. Neither slavery nor
involuntary servitude, not even as punishment for a crime whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist in Oceania or in any
territory subject to its jurisdiction.

Slavery includes the military draft, national service, forcing
people to help others in emergency situations such as a heart
attack, forced jury duty, and witness subpoenas, except where a
Person has voluntarily agreed to make emself subject to them. The
defense of a peaceful nation should not require the enslavement
of young people to be sacrificed at the Government's whim.

One exception to the Right to Liberty is a crime victim's
Entitlement to Justice. An Oceanian accused of a crime can be
subpoenaed by a grand jury to appear at the Court of Oceania.
Because this is such a dangerous power, many protections are
given to the accused as detailed in Article Two.

Mental illness is not a crime. No Adult may be imprisoned for
mental illness if ey has committed no crime.

The reason that someone in jail may not be forced to work is that
a significant percentage of People imprisoned are innocent of the
crime that were convicted of. Therefore making them work and then
profiting off of their imprisonment will just encourage others to
frame and convict even more innocents.

B.The Right to Travel: An Oceanian may travel from point A to point B
provided the traveler has the property owner's permission to enter eir
property.

In addition to this Right, Land in Oceania Must contain eight-meter wide
and eight meter high easements in a grid format of squares with eight
kilometer sides on which there is an Entitlement to travel. This
Entitlement means that no permission is needed from anyone to use the
easement for traveling. The grid is determined by the initial owners of
Land incorporated into Oceania. Land Owners bordering easements may pay
for or authorize maintenance of easements.

No charge may be made for traveling in these easements. Since no profit
can be made from the easements, it is expected that they will not be
used as main roads. Instead they will be used to help people who have
been denied access to private roads. Easements are not required on
islands less than eight kilometers across. These easements are not for
camping, sleeping, or loitering_only for traveling.

On floating structures, it will be the duty of neighboring Land Owners
to make sure that these easements are not allowed to fall into such
disrepair that the floating structure is endangered in any way. The Land
Owners will be responsible according to the percentage of the easement
touching their Land, i.e., total cost of maintenance will be divided
according to the percentage of the easement touching the Land in
question.

The Government may not grant or take away Licenses for the Right
to Travel, whether on foot, by car, by plane, or by any other
means. Owners of private roads may require Licenses to use their
roads. Owners of airspace may require Licenses for pilots flying
over their airspace.

The Right to Life overrules the Right to Travel. Therefore Persons with
highly infectious diseases may not Travel. For a disease to be
considered highly infectious takes an 80% vote in a referendum. It takes
a majority vote to remove a disease from the infectious list.
Quarantines may be placed on people who have highly infectious diseases.
Oceanians under quarantine do have the Right to travel to countries who
will accept them. To be quarantined requires that a jury declare a
Person infected and order them to be quarantined.

Of course, even without a public quarantine declared by
referendum, any person may enforce their own private quarantine.
For example, they could prohibit someone with a disease from
entering their Business or home.

C.The Right to Assemble: Oceanians have the Right to freely assemble
together either physically on Land or by means of a communication
medium. Note that the Government is not allowed to own Land or control
media.

D.The Right to Associate and Discriminate: An Oceanian has the Right to
choose with whom ey will associate or do Business, and whom ey will not.

The Government does not have this Right. The Government may not ask
Persons about their race, creed, gender, sexual preference, handicap,
age, or anything else not related to job qualifications. Of course, this
also prevents the Government from practicing reverse discrimination.

This Right includes the Right to associate with those of
unpopular views, and to discriminate against anyone for any
reason, including race, creed, gender, sexual preference,
attractiveness, weight, height, handicap, age, hair style, dress,
jewelry, veteran status, pet ownership, language(s) spoken,
national origin, marital status, medical condition, Parenthood,
whether they are pregnant or not or any other reason. This also
includes the Right to discriminate against someone because they
have discriminated against another Oceanian.

E.The Right to Knowledge: An Oceanian has the Right to make use of
whatever knowledge ey has.

The one exception to the Right to Knowledge is the Entitlement to
Intellectual Property. Because this is a powerful Entitlement, many
restrictions are placed on it as detailed in Section Three of this
article.

This Right includes engaging in insider stock trading. Of course,
a company's bylaws are allowed to prohibit such an action. A
buyer can find out if the bylaws allow or do not allow insider
trading. Stock exchanges can decide whether or not they wish to
allow trading of such stocks.

This Right includes using illegally obtained evidence in Court.
Of course, the one who obtained the evidence is still responsible
for eir illegal act.

Blackmail, i.e., extorting money or other valuables from someone
by threatening to make true statements about em, is a legal
exercise of the Right to Knowledge. Of course, encouraging em to
commit crimes makes one an accessory to such crimes, and
threatening physical harm constitutes assault.

F.The Right to Listen: An Oceanian has the Right to listen, view, or
otherwise receive broadcasts from television, radio, and the rest of the
electromagnetic spectrum, including cellular phone conversations, police
and military radio traffic, and any other signal broadcast through eir
body or Property.

This does not include the power to violate another's Right to Property
by spying on em with bugging devices, such as shining a laser on a
window and listening to conversations by decoding the modulated
reflected beam. Such spying may be prosecuted as a trespass, because it
involves physically entering the other person's Property or putting
something on eir Property.

Of course, a communication provider can build encryption device,
algorithms or techniques into the units it manufacturers or buys,
or sells, and the communication services it provides. Most
importantly, the Government is not permitted to require that any
encryption devices, algorithms or techniques be made non-secure
in any way.

3.Property

A.The Right to Property: An Oceanian has the Right to own Property and to
not have eir Property taken from em by Force or Fraud.

A Person's body and the fruits of eir labor are eir Property. No one may
claim another's work as eir own by taxation, civil forfeiture, eminent
domain, or other forms of theft. An Oceanian may sell or rent parts of
eir body. This includes becoming a surrogate mother, prostitute, or
subject of medical experiments.

In the absence of an explicit will, it will be assumed that the deceased
does not wish to sell or give away eir body parts.

Water is considered Property. As is the case with all property,
it may not be taken by any persons, entities, or Government,
without the owner's consent. The practice of taking away water
rights for "lack of use" or for "improper" use is forbidden.

Not only is it against our Constitution for a thief or looting
mob to take money from an Oceanian but the same holds true for
our Government. Therefore all forms of taxation are against our
Constitution. The only way the Government may extract money from
Oceanians is by accepting voluntary donations. The Government may
not use Force or Fraud in collecting donations. Claiming that any
such donations are mandatory is, of course, Fraud.

The Government may not charge a rental fee to people who "own"
Property. By charging a rental fee, Governments turn Land Owners
into Land leasers. In these corrupt countries, once the Land
"owner" stops eir lease payments eir Land is taken from em.

The Government may not enact zoning laws since they take away the
Right of a Oceanian to do with eir Property as ey pleases.
Likewise, the Government may not enact building codes. Of course,
if an unsafe structure damages others' Property or injures or
kills someone, then the owner of the structure would be liable
for the damages and deaths caused. Oceanians who believe that
such Property may injure them may sue the owner of the Property
before they are actually injured. Rent control by the Government
is illegal as it is a form of Property theft

As explained in Article Seven, Housing Developments may enact
zoning laws, building codes, and rent control.

The Property owner has the Right to control access to and use of
eir Property, and set any conditions on access or use. This
includes excluding people based on their clothing or appearance.
Of course, warnings Must be placed around unusually dangerous
Property such as mined Property.

No soldier, Government official, or other Person shall, in time
of peace or war, be quartered in any house without the consent of
the owner.

Property shall not be taken for public use without consent of the
owner. The Government may not choose a "fair" price for the
Property and then just "buy" it from the owner without eir
consent.

Property found more than two years after it is lost is considered
the Property of the finder.

B.The Right to Own and Operate a Business: An Oceanian has the Right to
run a Business, for profit or not for profit, and for any purpose.

The Government may not grant or take away Licenses for the Right
to Own and Operate A Business. A Business may hire and fire
employees without explanation. It may permanently fire an entire
union. It may refuse to rehire former union employees. Of course,
any voluntary Contracts made between the union or individual
employees and the Business Must be honored.

Sexual harassment between employee and employer may be defined in
a Contract between the two parties.

It is legal to own a "monopoly". Most governments' definition of
a monopoly is a successful Business. It is legal to "dump" goods
at below "fair" market value and to engage in "predatory"
pricing. Cartels are also legal as long as they don't use Force
and Fraud to keep members in the cartel.

It is legal for a Business to sign a Contract with an employee
that takes away eir Rights with respect to such Business for the
duration of the Contract. The same applies to a Contract that
takes away the Rights of the employer. No Contract can take away
the Rights of Oceanians who are not party to the contract,
including Children of signatories to the Contract

A Business may not be Forced by the Government to offer a minimum wage,
family leave benefits, medical insurance, disability benefits,
unemployment insurance, or workers' compensation, or any other benefit
that robs the employer of eir Right to control eir own Property.
Mandatory disability benefits for transvestites, pedophiles,
pyromaniacs, kleptomaniacs, drug addicts, and compulsive gamblers are
obviously forbidden.

C.The Right to Negotiate Contracts: Two or more Oceanians may negotiate a
Contract for goods or services without Government interference.
Government agencies do not have this right and may only negotiate
contracts that do not violate restrictions given to them by the laws of
Oceania.

Marriage is a private Contract between consenting Persons, and as such,
the Government may take no part in it other than enforcing the terms
agreed upon by the participants. All Contracts for sexual behavior,
cohabitation, reproduction, survivorship benefits, or other aspects of
marriage, for money or otherwise, are legal and enforceable.

D.The Right to Free Enterprise: An Oceanian has the Right to buy and sell
anything without Government interference. The only exceptions to this
Right are listed in Article Two (restricted private Entities for
patents, etc.) and Article Four (Weapons, drugs, etc.).

The Government may not grant or take away Licenses for the Right
to Free Enterprise. For example, it could not grant or take away
Licenses for the Right to buy and sell alcohol.

There can be no "blue sky" laws, no usury laws, and no laws
setting margin requirements on the purchase and sale of
securities. There can be no restrictions on branch banking and no
restrictions on the interest paid on deposits. Bearer bonds and
certificates are legal. Pyramid plans are legal as long as fraud
is not used to promote them.

Laws cannot restrict the advertising of prices, products, or
services. This includes the services of doctors, dentists and
lawyers, and products such as alcohol and tobacco.

Scalping of tickets or of any other products, selling drugs
within the bounds of Oceania, prostitution, and all forms of
gambling are legal.

In order to solve the problem of deaths that occur each year due
to the lack of available body parts, it is legal to buy and sell
body parts.

In order to solve the problem of Children being abused by Parents
who do not want them, it is legal for such Parents to charge
monies to Persons who do want them for the Right to become their
new Parents. Of course, such Children retain all Rights and
Entitlements normally possessed by Children, notably the Parental
responsibility to be cared for, and are not to be sold as
laborers.

E.The Right to Free Trade: An Oceanian has the Right to import and export
without Government interference. This means that it is illegal for the
Government to put tariffs, quotas, or taxes on imported goods. If
another country puts such tariffs, quotas, taxes, or other restrictions
on Oceania's exports, the Government of Oceania may not retaliate in any
way.

Oceania will set an example for the rest of the world by showing
what "free trade" really means.

F.The Entitlement to Intellectual Property: An Oceanian is Entitled to
receive patents and copyrights on eir creative works. If two or more
Oceanians make the same discovery independently, both shall be granted
patents even when the discoveries are not made simultaneously. Burden of
proof of independence of development shall rest upon the party making
the later application.

Intellectual Property is an Entitlement because it interferes with the
Right to Knowledge. Because of this, many restrictions are placed on
this Entitlement, and it is expected that juries will favor the Right to
Knowledge in close decisions.

No patent or copyright may last for more than ten years from the date of
first application. In the case of simultaneous patents or copyrights,
all expire when the earliest one does. Foreign patents and copyrights
will be recognized for ten years from the date they were first
introduced into Oceania. After that date, such patents and copyrights
may not be ignored when products based on them are exported out of
Oceania. Trademarks are recognized as long as they are being actively
used. A creation that is shown to have existed before the date of
invention claimed in the first application is in the public domain, and
may not be patented or copyrighted. Any work explicitly placed in the
public domain may not subsequently be patented or copyrighted by others.

Reverse Engineering is making a copy of something by looking at what it
does, not at its blueprints. Reverse engineering is legal in Oceania. In
particular, computer chips and software may be reverse engineered. "Look
and feel" of computer programs cannot be copyrighted. Computer code,
algorithms, processes, and other intangible creations cannot be
patented. Created animals can be patented with the exception of Persons.

"Fair use" of copyrighted works for the sake of education, comment,
criticism, parody, comparison, etc., is allowed.

The copyrights on this Constitution and Laws will automatically expire
on the day the first person moves to Oceania.

G.The Right to Set Contract Length: There will be no laws against setting
Contracts in perpetuity. The Government of Oceania does not have this
Right. The Government of Oceania may not participate in a Contract
lasting longer than ten years.

H.The Entitlement to Bankruptcy: The people may provide by law the
protection of Bankruptcy upon those who cannot meet their debts.
Whatever bankruptcy laws exist at the time a debt is incurred remain in
effect for that debt until it is paid, regardless of future laws to the
contrary.

4.Privacy

A.The Right to Privacy: An Oceanian has the Right to be secure in eir
person, house, papers, and effects, against all search and seizure,
without a warrant issued by a grand jury of the Court of Oceania.

Like the Right to Liberty, this Right is also subordinate to a crime
victim's Entitlement to Justice, and similar protections are granted to
the accused.

Warrants shall be issued upon probable cause, supported by open
affirmation, describing in detail the place to be searched and the
Persons or things to be seized. Probable cause in the absence of a
warrant is insufficient for a search. Anonymous tips are insufficient
for a search. Warrants are required to intercept private communications
that are not transmitted by air, such as wiretaps or even recording
address information from written or electronic mail, or telephone
numbers.

A Person who is caught in the act of committing a crime may be detained
if the detaining officer identifies emself, and takes immediate steps to
obtain an arrest warrant.

Refusal to consent to a search without a warrant cannot be
considered probable cause. All searches, seizures or arrests done
without a warrant are illegal. Oceanians may not be detained by
Government officials. They may be arrested as described above,
but they may not be detained without an arrest warrant or
immediate steps to obtain such a warrant. Questioning Oceanians
while using physical harm, emotional distress, intimidation, or
threat of harm when they have not been accused of a crime is a
particularly heinous violation of their Privacy.

Transmissions over the air are handled in the following manner:
1) If a broadcast is meant for the general public, then it would
be legal to intercept it and to repeat information learned from
it in a Court of law. 2) If a communication has a specific
audience, then any overheard conversations may not be used
against either party in court although the communication may be
listened to without a warrant. 3) If the communication is
encrypted, this is enough evidence to show the communication was
intended to be kept personal and confidential. Therefore, a
warrant would be needed to intercept and decrypt such a
communication.

B.The Right to Self-Identity: An Oceanian may identify emself by any name
ey wishes, so long as ey is not doing so to defraud. The Government may
not issue numbers or any other form of "official" identification to
Oceanians, nor may it require anyone to carry or present identification
at any time. An Oceanian's use of different names or refusal to give eir
name cannot be used as probable cause for a search or seizure (though it
may, of course, be used as evidence if the Person does appear in Court).

C.The Right to Financial Privacy: An Oceanian has the Right to expect all
Business transactions to be completely private when there is a
Contractual agreement to that effect. An Oceanian may not be required by
the Government to reveal eir income or any other financial information
ey wishes to keep private.

For example, all banks have the Right to guarantee complete
confidentiality to their customers. Except for subpoena by the
Court of Oceania, such banking records could never be revealed to
anyone but the owner of the account. Such a Court order may never
be generated unless there is evidence that Oceania's laws have
been broken and said laws are relevant to the individual's
banking account.

D.The Right to Encryption: An Oceanian has the Right to encrypt eir
conversations and data. Such encryption cannot be used as evidence that
the Oceanian is doing something wrong or illegal. This Right extends to
all forms of information an Oceanian deems should be secure regardless
of format, whether paper, electronic, holographic or other, and
regardless of content.

An Oceanian has the Right to use any encryption algorithms or
computer software available. The Government may not restrict free
trade in encryption software by calling it "munitions" or any
other name.

E.The Right to Secure Conversations: Oceanians have the Right to not have
their conversations tapped, recorded, or be otherwise compromised, by
persons not party to the conversation, unless permission has been
granted by at least one person who is party to the conversation. One
party to a conversation or eir agent may record a conversation without
the permission of the other party, as this is an exercise of eir Right
to Knowledge.

A communication provider may record conversations if its
subscribers have voluntarily waived their Right to Secure
Conversations by their Contract with the provider.

The conflict between the Right to Privacy and the Right to
Knowledge is resolved by declaring that any Entity securing said
recording under this right is restricted from public presentation
in any form unless express, provable permission has been
obtained. Of course, this recording may be used in Court as
admissible evidence having been properly secured by subpoena.

F.The Right to Privacy on Government Leased Property: An Oceanian does not
lose eir Privacy Rights by entering Government leased Property,
including customs checkpoints, assuming that the Government of Oceania
ever has such checkpoints. The practice of inflicting strip searches and
body cavity searches on law abiding Oceanians without a warrant is
particularly abhorred.

The practice of declaring customs checkpoints as Land not part of
the country they serve to avoid its laws is particularly
abhorred.

G.The Right to Privacy in the Workplace: Oceanians have the Right to
Privacy in the workplace with the exception of anything in their work
Contract that specifies otherwise.

5.Children

Unlike Adults, Children have many Entitlements. Every Child Must have at
least one Adult Parent to provide these Entitlements. Initial Parental
responsibility falls upon the biological Parents jointly as an implied
Contract, unless an explicit Contract exists assigning it elsewhere. This
responsibility will restart if an offspring is declared to be a Child by a
court. All marriage Contracts, sperm donor agreements, and other Contracts
assigning Parental responsibility are valid and enforceable as long as no
Child is deprived of Parental care thereby. Parental responsibility
assigned by Contract (as in adoptions) may not be arbitrarily dissolved by
a Court or other Entity. The Courts will not recognize biological
Parenthood as having any legal priority over Contractual Parenthood.

Children's Entitlements are based upon the assumption that a Child is
incapable of sustaining eir own Life without them. Any Child who feels ey
is capable of bearing full responsibility for eir own Life has the Right to
petition a Court to declare em a Teen or Adult.

Children do not have any Entitlements not listed here, or have any other
restrictions of eir Rights not listed here. In particular, Parents do not
own their Children's Property and are not responsible for their debts, nor
are Children exempt from criminal prosecution.

The people may, by referendum, remove or confer other Rights and
Entitlements upon Children. Unless otherwise noted in this Constitution, a
referendum takes a two thirds vote to pass.

A.Additional Entitlements: A Child is entitled to food, housing, clothing,
basic health care, and basic education. A Parent may provide any of
these directly, or hire others to provide them. The precise manner in
which they are provided is up to the discretion of the Parent. In
particular, the Government may not impose standards for education, and
juries are not required to judge the quality of education given a Child.
Of course, providing food or other things that actually injure a Child
may result in liability.

B.Restricted Rights. Children have most of the Rights of Adults, including
not being subject to warrant-less searches. The following Rights of
Adults are not granted to Children:

y Travel: A Parent may restrict the movements of eir Child. It is
expected that a Parent will only do so to the degree necessary to
ensure the Child's safety.

y Self-Sovereignty: A Child does not have the Right to end eir own Life,
or to consent to sexual activity. Any Adult who has sexual relations
with a Child has done so without the Child's consent, and is liable
for damages. Children do not have the Right to use mind altering
drugs. If their Parents give them permission to use such drugs, these
Parents may be prosecuted for Child abuse when a jury deems this
proper.

y Weapons: A Child may not use Weapons, except for non-injuring uses
(sport, training, etc.) under direct Adult supervision.

y Contracts: A Child may not consent to a binding Contract. Any
Contracts entered into by a Child may be dissolved by a Court at the
request of the Child or eir Parent. This includes, for example, a
Parent Contracting for the labor of eir Child.

y Right to Work: Child labor laws may not be passed but a jury may
determine that Child abuse has occurred if a Child is forced to work
too many hours or under poor conditions.

C.Jury Review: A Child has the Right to sue eir Parent for failure to
provide these entitlements or for other injuries. If a Child is
incapable or unwilling to bring such a suit, any Oceanian may sue on eir
behalf. Under no circumstances shall a Child be removed from eir Parent
until that Parent is convicted in Court and ordered to relinquish
custody by a jury.

If a jury decides that a Parent has failed in these areas they
can vote to give eir Child to some Entity who will not fail. If
no Oceanian is willing to take the Child, then the Child will not
be taken. The Government will not take the Child as the
Government is not allowed to steal money for any purpose,
including the purpose of Child care.

6.Teens

Teens have all the Rights of Adults plus the Right to Terminate Contracts.
A Teen may bring a Contract to a jury, and if the jury votes unanimously
that the Contract is unreasonable, the Contract may be broken. When the
Contract is broken, no fines or penalties may be inflicted on the other
party who signed the Contract as long as no fraud or misrepresentation was
used by that party. A Teen may not terminate eir implied Contractual
responsibility for the care of eir Children.

A Teen who has sexual intercourse with a Child may be held responsible for
damages as if ey was an Adult, or may be acquitted at the jury's
discretion. Teens do not have the Entitlements of Children.

Any Teen who feels ey is capable of bearing full responsibility for eir own
Life has the Right to petition a Court to declare em an Adult.

7.Animals and Other Beings

Animals may not be given cruel and unusual mistreatment. If it is suspected
that an animal has been mistreated by a Person, then any Oceanian may bring
suit on the animal's behalf and a jury may decide the issue. A unanimous
decision is required to convict the Person.

Of course, scientific research is legal in Oceania with the
provision that the animals are not unnecessarily tortured,
maimed, or killed.

Any being whose species or type (for example, cybernetic beings) is not
recognized as a Person may individually petition a jury for individual
recognition as a Person. The jury Must believe beyond a reasonable doubt
that the being is not a Person to refuse recognition. Upon recognition of a
member of a new class of Person, a referendum will be held to refuse
recognition of the being's class as a class of Persons; the referendum
requires a 80% majority to refuse recognition. In the event of a
referendum's class refusal, individual members of the class may still apply
for individual recognition.

The ages for Child, Teen, and Adult would vary for different species as
determined by law.


ARTICLE TWO

Government Agencies and Power Structure


This article requires a 95% vote to add an agency or office and a 66% vote
to remove an agency or office.

Under no circumstances may a Person hold a particular office for more than
four years consecutively. Any Adult not currently in jail may run for any
office. No Government official will have to make any religious oath. The
only oath ey will have to make is to uphold the Constitution of the
peaceful country of Oceania.

1.The Judicial Branch

The Justice system exists to resolve conflicts among Oceanians, both
Persons and Entities. Justice is accomplished by one Oceanian, called the
Plaintiff, filing suit against another, called the Defendant, in a Court.
The Court Must decide if either party has been wronged and to what degree.
The Court may then impose penalties upon the losing party, including the
costs of the trial. Because there can be no "victimless crimes", there is
no distinction between criminal and civil law.

When both parties to a suit agree, any Entity in Oceania may serve as a
Court to resolve their conflict, and all judgments and findings by that
Court, including jail sentences, will be legal and enforceable. It is
recommended that all Contracts specify a private Court in which to resolve
disputes. Appeal is allowed from private Court only if the Court Contract
allows it. Where the Defendant does not agree to appear in a Court
acceptable to the Plaintiff, the Plaintiff may bring suit in the Court of
Oceania, which has the power to seize the Defendant, if the Plaintiff is a
Member of the Court of Oceania.

A 95% vote of Oceanians within a respective jurisdiction is necessary to
grant subpoena power of Defendant to another Court. A 75% vote is
sufficient to remove this power.

This is to ensure that the Court of Oceania does not take
advantage of its monopoly status. The people may vote to grant
its unique power to another Court, or they may vote to remove
that power altogether.

The Court of Oceania consists of the Supreme Court, one or more County
Courts, and one or more Local Courts. Every case brought before the Court
of Oceania Must be tried first in a Local Court. It may then be appealed to
a County Court, and finally may be appealed to the Supreme Court. All
Judges of these Courts are elected with Supreme Court and County Court
Judges serving four years and Local Court Judges serving two years. Judges
are not required to have lawyer Licenses.

Because the Court of Oceania is a department of the Government, the people
may, by referendum, regulate how it is operated. Initially, the Voters will
elect a Chief Director of the Court of Oceania with the responsibility to
administrate the Supreme Court and lower Courts, including appointing
judges and setting procedures for the courts consistent with Oceanian law.

The Judicial Branch also includes Local Grand Juries who are elected every
year.

Military Courts are private Courts to which military personnel have
voluntarily granted power by Contract. The Department of War may not
interfere with, control, or fund these Courts in any way. It is strongly
recommended that these Courts allow appeal to the Court of Oceania, as
military Courts have a history of overzealous prosecution.

Definitions

In this article, the following terms have the specific meanings below:

The Plaintiff is the Oceanian who initiates a Court suit. Ey is also what
other legal systems calls a "prosecutor", in that ey controls the
prosecution of the case at all times.

The Defendant is the party accused of a criminal act or liability.

Court Costs are costs incurred by the Court administering a suit, e.g., the
room rental, fees of the judge and jurors, etc.

Legal Costs are costs incurred by the litigants on their own behalf, e.g.,
lawyer's fees, witness fees, police fees for subpoenaing witnesses,
investigation fees, etc.

The Entitlement to Justice

Justice in the Court of Oceania is an Entitlement to the Plaintiff because
the Defendant may be physically seized and brought to trial, in conflict
with eir Right to Liberty. Because this is such a dangerous power, many
restrictions are placed on the Court's power. Also, the Entitlement to
bring suit in the Court of Oceania is granted only to those who have
obtained a Court Membership. An Oceanian who acquires a Court Membership
may not bring suit for any acts committed before ey attained Membership.

If an Oceanian has been harmed by a diplomat or other foreign national,
Government official, or Government agency, ey has the same Entitlement to
Justice as if the Defendant were an ordinary Oceanian. There will be no
"sovereign immunity" or "diplomatic immunity" in Oceania. In the interest
of better international relations, any diplomat may accept exile for one
century instead of a prison sentence. However, violation of this exile
could result in a prison sentence. Fines not paid by the diplomat are the
responsibility of the diplomat's Government.

The Government of Oceania may not grant immunity from prosecution to any
Oceanian or other Person. A Defendant may sign a Contract with a Plaintiff
stipulating that the Plaintiff declines to prosecute for a particular
offense, but that power rests solely with the Plaintiff. Such Contracts are
valid and enforceable.

Children, the mentally ill or retarded, and others with "diminished
capacity" are granted no special exemption from responsibility for their
actions although they should not be placed in prisons with Adults. Placing
a Child in a detention center does not end eir Parent's responsibility to
provide food, health care, and other Entitlements granted to Children.
Charities would be responsible for those that are unable to provide for
themselves.

A.Definition and properties of Court Membership. Members of the Court of
Oceania Must consent to allow themselves to be subpoenaed as witnesses
and compelled to testify. The Court of Oceania SHALL NOT require
Members to surrender any Rights other than the Right to Liberty for the
purpose of subpoenaing witnesses and the Right of Free Speech for
compelling their testimony. In particular, the Court may not require its
Members to surrender their Right to Property by charging a fee or tax
for Membership in the Court, though it may charge for an actual printed
evidence of such Membership in the form of a card or certificate. Those
who chose not to buy the card or certificate have the same Entitlements
as those who do. A Child is assumed to be a Member if eir primary
guardian is. An Entity is assumed to be a Member if the majority of the
Persons controlling it are.

It is expected that every Person in Oceania will have a Court
Membership, as ey will be very vulnerable to exploitation since
non Members will not be able to sue in the Court of Oceania.

B.Selection of Juries. Juries will be selected at random from a pool of
peers so designated by the Defendant as outlined by the laws of Oceania.
Jurors may be volunteers or may ask for pay but may not be forced into
duty.

The Rights and Entitlements of the Accused
in the Court of Oceania

A.The Right to Fair Prosecution: When the injured party is available and
capable of bringing suit or of appointing an agent on eir behalf, or has
previously appointed an agent by power of attorney or will, only ey or
eir agent has standing to sue. If the injured party is a Child, the
Child's Parent has standing, except when a conflict of interest exists
with the Defendant (as in a Parental abuse case). When the injured party
is unavailable (for example, due to murder), or incapable of naming an
agent, the injured party's Nearest Relative Must bring suit. In a
Parental abuse case, any Oceanian may sue on behalf of the injured
Child. Any Oceanian may bring suit on behalf of non-Persons such as
animals or other things. At all times during the trial, the Plaintiff
has complete control of the prosecution of the case. A jury may
determine if there are conflicts of interest among the Plaintiff, judge,
or Defendant.

To avoid conflicts of interest, it is recommended that officials and
employees of the Court of Oceania use private Courts to settle their
disputes. They are still Entitled to use the Court of Oceania if they
Must, in which case they Must bring suit in a Court other than the one
that actually employs them. Of course, employees of the Supreme Court
have no option but to use it. The Government of Oceania may bring suit
only in the case of Treason.

This law is to prevent the practice of having kangaroo Courts
where the judge, jury, Plaintiff, and witnesses are all
Government employees.

B.The Right to a Jury: In all cases, the Right to trial by jury shall be
preserved. Final judgment in all suits is entirely within the power of
the jury. Judges preside the Court and may instruct the jury, but have
no power to render or set aside jury judgments, to decide sentences, or
cite participants for contempt. All these functions belong to the jury.
This statement applies to the Supreme Court as well as the other court
levels.

Of course, if the defendant loses the case, ey Must pay for the
cost of the jury trial, so it is expected that some Defendants
will choose less expensive alternatives. But if ey insists, ey
may request a jury trial no matter how small the penalty of the
crime..

C.The Right to a Level Playing Field: In all suits, each side will declare
the maximum amount of Legal Costs ey will spend in the case. We will
define the party declaring the larger amount Rich and the other party
Poor. The maximum amount of recoverable Legal Costs spent by each side
is the lesser of these amounts. If the Rich party wishes, ey may
subsidize the Poor party. If such subsidy is offered as part of the
recoverable Legal Costs, the Poor party may refuse the subsidy. If the
subsidy is offered out-of-pocket, the Poor party Must accept it, or at
least allow the Rich party to spend that amount as if the Poor party had
accepted the subsidy. In this latter case, the Poor party has no
obligation to spend the out-of-pocket subsidy on Legal Costs, but may
spend it as ey pleases. Private Entities may also provide money for Poor
parties to pursue cases.

The costs of the Court itself are determined by the Court and are always
part of the judgment against the loser, even if ey chose to spend no
money in the case. Spending money under-the-table on legal costs without
claiming them is prosecutable as contempt of Court.

It is a fact that whether a party wins or loses a Court case is
all too often determined by the amount the party pays its
lawyers. The Court has the power to take away Property and even
freedom from the losing party, so it is vital that some means be
used to equalize the power of wealth. The Court of Oceania is
dedicated to justice regardless of wealth.

D.The Right to Fair Bail and Fines: Excessive bail shall not be required,
nor excessive fines imposed. Bail and fines may not be imposed without
informing the accused of the nature and cause of the accusation. A bail
hearing can be requested with one hour notice. Bails and all other
requests for money by the Government will be accepted in all convertible
currencies. Any monies that a Person has on em when ey is arrested may
be used for bail including any electronic forms of money such as credit
cards and credit lines. Likewise, anyone who wishes to bail out someone
need not appear at the Court in person, instead they may use any
electronic forms of money such as credit cards and credit lines.

An Oceanian is Entitled to immediately ask for a standing grand jury to
decide whether this or any other Right in this article has been
violated. Ey Must be put in front of this grand jury within two hours of
eir request. This will prevent Oceanians from being held in jail cells
for days or weeks without cause. As usual, they will have to pay for the
cost of the jury if their complaint is deemed invalid by the jury.

An Oceanian will receive all of eir bail money back in exactly the same
form in which it was posted when ey appears at eir Court date as
promised. If the Person who posted bail for an Oceanian fails to pick up
eir bail money after the accused has attended eir Court date, then bail
money Must be mailed to the Person who posted bail within 24 hours.

E.The Right to Presumption of Innocence: Until an Oceanian is convicted of
a crime, ey cannot be jailed or denied any other basic Rights of
innocent Oceanians. Bail holding facilities Must be very comfortable,
including full communication services, televisions, good food service,
private showers, well mannered hosts, etc. In addition, any Person who
voluntarily walks into a Court Must be told if there are any warrants
for eir arrest and be allowed to pay bail instead of being put in a
holding facility. If ey does not have bail money on em, ey will still
not be arrested until ey has walked off the Court's Property. There Must
be communication facilities on the Court's Property so ey can call
someone to provide bail.

Taking or denying use or control of any Property of an Oceanian not
specifically convicted and fined is a violation of this Right.
Preventing the accused from using eir money to hire attorneys is a
violation of this Right.

We particularly abhor the practice of "civil forfeiture" or
"reversion back" as practiced by more primitive legal systems.
Detaining a traveling Oceanian without an arrest warrant is a
violation of this Right. Removing a Child from eir Parent before
the Parent has been convicted in Court of Child Abuse is a
violation of this Right, and is prosecutable as kidnapping.

F.The Right to a Speedy Trial: The time between accusation and trial may
not be more than 30 days unless both the Plaintiff and Defendant agree
otherwise. The same applies to time between appeals. There may not be
more than one hour between the time of appearance set by the Court and
the time that the trial or hearing begins. This is not an Entitlement,
because it is a limitation on the Plaintiff's Entitlement to Justice.

G.The Right to a Public Trial: All trials Must be open to the public
unless both the Plaintiff and Defendant agree otherwise. To prevent the
creation of star chambers, the document whereby the Plaintiff and
Defendant agree to a closed trial Must itself be made public. Trial
proceedings Must be recorded.

Television cameras and other mass media may be allowed in Court if the
Plaintiff and Defendant agree. The media are allowed to pay the
litigants for this privilege. If the Plaintiff is the Government, then
the Government is declared by this Constitution to agree to television
cameras and other mass media in the Court.

The order of cases to be tried on a particular day Must be random, or
assigned by a published procedure and not at the discretion of the
Court. This is to prevent a Court from trying controversial cases last
or at odd hours of the day to avoid public scrutiny.

H.The Right to Trial in Oceania: If a Person is accused of crimes that
occurred outside Oceania, ey will not be extradited to the country
accusing em of the crimes. Instead, the Person will be tried in Oceania
under the laws of Oceania. The foreign prosecution, public or private,
will pay for the costs of prosecuting the accused individual if it is
the loser in such case. Failure for the foreign prosecution to pay will
result in it be banned from being a prosecutor in further trials.

This Right exists in place of "political asylum". The accused individual
will be placed in a prison in Oceania if ey is convicted of the crime
and subsequently sentenced to serve time in prison. The country that was
the plaintiff will pay for this imprisonment. No treaty may ever
override this right.

I.The Right to Protection from Double Jeopardy: If a Person is found
innocent of a crime, ey may not be tried again for the same crime. The
penalty for violating this Right is the same penalty as for false
arrest.

If a local Government accused someone of a crime that ey was
declared innocent of, a County or national Government could not
then try that Person for the same crime. Nor can an Oceanian be
tried for "different" crimes committed by the same action.

J.The Right to Judicial Review: All three levels of Courts, the Supreme
Court, the County Courts, and the Local Courts, have the responsibility
to decide if a law is constitutional. Also, precedents from earlier
trials may be presented to a jury, but the jury is free to decide each
case on its own merit.

All proceedings in Court are to be recorded, even in trials closed to
the public. If the Defendant or Plaintiff believes that either side is
not following the Constitution in the proceedings, ey may stop the
proceedings and ask for a local grand jury to decide if the Constitution
may have been violated. A tape of the proceedings would be provided to
the grand jury. If the grand jury determines that the Constitution may
have been violated, a new trial shall be held in a different Court at
the same level to determine if the Constitution was violated. If there
are no other Courts at the same level, then the grand jury will try the
case. Once this trial is over, the original case may be resumed.

The maximum time between request for a grand jury and being seated in
front of one is two hours. This applies to all requests for a grand jury
that this Constitution or the laws of Oceania allow.

It is expected that there will be a sitting grand jury available
24 hours a day within two hours of travel at all times in
Oceania.

K.The Right to Fair Jurisdiction: If both Plaintiff and Defendant agree,
they may select a private Court. The Plaintiff, Defendant, and private
Court Must agree to a Court Contract; the Government will recognize all
terms in the Court Contract, including prison sentencing, but under no
circumstances will the Government pay for any actions resulting from the
private Court Contract.

For suits brought in the Court of Oceania, the Defendant has the Right
to be tried in the Court most local to where ey resides. If Plaintiff
and Defendant agree, the case may be moved to any other Court.

L.The Right to Attorney-Client Relationship: An Oceanian has the Right to
have private conversations with eir attorney. Therefore wiretaps to
interfere with this relationship Must never be granted. An Attorney may
not be jailed for refusing to testify to the content of private
conversations with a client. Of course, Privacy Must be explicitly made
part of the Attorney-Client Contract so it does not violate the
Attorney's Right to Knowledge.

M.The Right to Protection from Self-Incrimination: An Oceanian cannot be
Forced to testify against emself. For example, ey can not be forced to
produce business records, desk calendars, or private diaries. Ey may be
forced to produce fingerprints or other identifying information from eir
body for identification purposes only. For example, a hair sample could
be forced for identification use but not for testing for drugs. This
Right DOES include Entities. This Right should not be construed to apply
to friends, relatives, or other associates of the accused.

The use of torture to Force confessions is particularly abhorred.

N.The Right to a Fully Informed Jury: Before a trial begins, the judge
Must notify the jury of its common law Right and duty to decide if a law
is fair and just as it applies to the specific case they are judging.
The jury Must also be informed that laws in violation of the
Constitution are invalid.

The jury may not at any time be removed from the courtroom during a
trial to prevent them from hearing evidence. A trial may not be declared
a mistrial because of "prejudicial" evidence. The judge has no power to
strike any testimony from the record, and no power to suppress any
evidence presented during the trial. It is expected that juries are
reasoning Adults who are as competent as the judge to decide who is
lying and who is not.

Evidence uncovered by an illegal search WILL be allowed in Court. Unlike
corrupt countries that allow both the criminal and the arresting officer
to go free when an illegal search is made, Oceanians will be allowed to
prosecute both.

The use of expert witnesses is allowed, but the jury Must be informed
that no witness is completely unbiased.
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